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What are the common buried methods for submarine cables?
1. Brief introduction of excavation method:
The excavation method uses a dredger to dredge, and the depth of dredging is determined by the buried depth. After the excavation is completed, the submarine cable is directly laid down, and the soil is backfilled by using the tide. To achieve a certain depth of excavation width and depth with this construction method, the slope needs to be laid at a certain ratio, otherwise a collapse phenomenon will occur. If the buried depth of the submarine cable is 3m and the grading ratio is 1: 3 (ratio of depth to width), the excavation width will reach 9m.
Trench depth and width
Using this method for construction, if a ship encounters severe weather or an emergency situation, it will easily damage the submarine cable.
Because it takes a long time to fully cover the trench with natural tide backfilling, and the soil in the trench is very loose and the width of the trench is wide, it does not protect the submarine cable. It can endanger the safety of submarine cables.
2. Brief introduction of the construction method of burrow plow:
During operation, while the submarine cable construction vessel is laying the cable, it relies on its strong traction to drag the buried plough, so that the knife plow installed at the tail of the buried plough cuts a trench on the seabed, and then the submarine cable is buried therein. The burial depth is determined by the coulter, and the burial depth can be adjusted by the control system. The main body of the buried plow is equipped with hydraulic devices for adjusting the depth and width of the plough. Various sensors and television cameras that monitor the attitude, obstacles, and cable introduction of the buried plow, as well as television cameras and the main body of the buried plow. Each component sends control signals and an on-board signal processing device for collecting various data. During the burying, the monitoring room provided on the submarine cable construction ship controls and supplies power to the buried plow through control equipment and power cables.
This construction method requires a large submarine cable construction ship with large traction force. Submarine cables can be buried in other submarine substrates other than rocks. Generally, it is easier to apply on muddy soil, while the strength of sandy soil is relatively high.
3. Brief introduction of flush burying plow construction method:
During the Submarine Optical Cable Laying operation, the nozzles installed in the buried ploughing section spray high-pressure water jets to make the bottom sediment flow and form a trench, and then the submarine cable is buried at the bottom of the trench.
The main features of this construction method are: the cable can be buried at the same time as the cable, or the submarine cable that has been laid on the bottom of the sea; there is no high requirement on the tonnage and traction of the submarine cable construction ship, just provide the water spray Requires power; the towing tension is smaller than that of knife-plow burial plows, the burial depth is large, and the maximum burial depth can reach about 10m. Due to the shallow draft of the construction vessel, the working water depth can be any depth from 1.5m to 150m.
The submerged construction ship itself has no power, and it alternates the traction anchor by turns or rely on other vessels to tow. The buried plough is equipped with sensors such as burial depth indication, attitude, tension and pressure, and transmits the data to the command center to control the construction quality.
The ship's speed during construction is usually determined by the burial depth. If the computer at the control center receives the information that the burial depth meets the requirements, it will direct the ship to move, otherwise it will continue to flush until it meets the requirements. The burial speed of this method is related to the submarine soil quality and burial depth, and is generally about 1m / min to 10m / min, and the burial width is 0.2m to 0.4m.
4. Introduction to ROV flushing construction method:
ROV is an underwater remote control vehicle, commonly known as an underwater robot. Each ROV can be equipped with two sets of burial equipment, a cable cutter, a clamp capable of lifting a 20t weight, and a 25Hz audio signal tracker.
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